There are five key elements to preventing a dog bite
1. Understanding general canine behavior helps ensure one can more accurately read when they are stressed, anxious or fearful. This allows better control over situations and limit situations that could provoke a bite. Dogs will give early warning signs before resorting to biting in most cases, these early warning signs can include "whale eyes", yawning, flicking their tongue and turning their head to look away.
2. Early socialization plays a large role into how the dog will develop and how they will react to certain things as they age. It's important to introduce the dog to new things in calm, controlled environments where the interactions are positive. Allow the dog to interact with a wide variety of people including those who use different mobility aids, children, elderly folk and folks who wear various religious clothing.
3. Training goes hand in hand with socialization. It is important to maintain and continue your dogs training throughout their life and to avoid using aversive and violent training methods such as shock collars, spray collars, hitting, etc; as these methods often result in fearful and anxious dogs who are afraid of the pain they'll receive if they misstep. Force free is scientifically proven to be the most effective method.
4. Management can come in many forms and the level of management one employs depends on the dogs temperament, known triggers, potential triggers, socialization level, what they've been exposed to, etc. By taking all these elements into consideration an owner can form a management plan that best fits them and their canine companion. Management can come in the form of patches on vests, muzzles, short leashes, not letting the dog off leash and not leaving the dog unsupervised.
5. Respecting a dogs boundaries and limits is something that cannot be stressed enough; disregarding a dogs boundaries is one of the leading causes of dogs, who would otherwise have never bitten, to bite. As owners we have a responsibility to ensure our dogs boundaries and limits are respected, this can be as simple as telling people not to bother them when they're sleeping in their kennel, to removing a dog from a situation that's pushing their boundaries of what they can handle.
To read more about how to prevent dog bites and expansion on the points made here, please go to: https://dogearlywarningsystem.weebly.com/preventing-dog-bites.html#/